The recombinant production process offers the possibility of facile inclusion of various bioactivities in fusion with the partial spidroins. Several bioactive molecules, e.g. cell adhesion sites, affinity domains, enzymes and growth factors, have been connected to Spiber® through genetic modification.

In theory, any other gene sequence can be added to give the silk materials new functionality. Because the formulations into silk materials is done by self-assembly under physiological conditions, the fold of the added protein domains is preserved, yielding bioactive Spiber® silk materials.

Spiber® integrates in biological systems with good biocompatibility. The biomaterial is non-immunogenic and biodegradable.

Various applications:

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Cell adhesion motifs

Antimicrobial peptides

Cells in silk foam

Affinity domains

Formulation of Spiber® silk materials

After expression and purification under native conditions, the partial-spidroins can be allowed to self-assemble into several formats.

Fiber bundles

Fiber bundles support directional cell growth along the fibers.

Film

Films are free-standing thin, lightweight materials with great mechanical properties.

Foam

Foam is a soft, flexible three dimensional scaffold with better diffusion capacity than hydrogels.

Coating

Functional coatings can be applied on various base materials (e.g. titanium, steel and polystyrene).